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N194JP accident description

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Crash location Unknown
Nearest city Boulder, CO
40.014986°N, 105.270546°W

Tail number N194JP
Accident date 29 Jun 1996
Aircraft type Prevatt RV-6
Additional details: None

NTSB description


On June 29, 1996, approximately 1450 mountain daylight time, N194JP, a Prevatt RV-6, collided in midair with N103LM, a Burkhart Grob G103C Twin III Acro, in the traffic pattern at Boulder, Colorado, Municipal Airport. N194JP was destroyed and N103LM sustained minor damage. The private pilot and student pilot rated-passenger aboard N194JP were fatally injured. The private pilot and passenger aboard N103LM were not injured. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and neither pilot had filed a flight plan. Both personal flights were being conducted under Title 14 CFR Part 91. The flight of N194JP originated at Longmont, Colorado, on June 29, 1996, approximately 1440. The flight of N103LM originated at Boulder, CO, on June 29, 1996, approximately 1400.

According to the pilot of N103LM, his passenger was feeling airsick and wanted to return to the airport. The pilot approached the Boulder Municipal Airport (an uncontrolled airport) from the south at 6,100 feet msl (mean sea level) or 812 feet agl (above ground level), which is the traffic pattern altitude. He observed a two-airplane formation pass his right wing, going in the opposite direction at the same altitude. He wondered why they had crossed the airport at traffic pattern altitude. His front seat passenger then yelled there was an approaching airplane directly in front. The pilot made a steep left bank and deployed his dive brakes in an evasive maneuver. According to witnesses, N103LM's right wing tip struck N194JP's propeller, right main wheel, and lower cowling. N103LM continued the left bank and landed safely on runway 8R. N194JP was seen to make a steep right bank and fly towards the northwest. The pilot transmitted a distress call on the UNICOM frequency. Witnesses said the airplane then made a steep left turn, stalled, rolled inverted, and impacted Hayden Lake near the runway threshold.

The pilot of the lead airplane in the formation stated that he was flying a Pitts S-1, N11PJ. His wingman, who was to his right and slightly aft, was in an Acro Sport-1, N1717. They had attended an open house and air show at the Longmont Airport. The student pilot rated-passenger aboard N194JP was related to him by marriage. It was decided the pilot of N194JP and his passenger would spend the night at his home. The three airplanes departed approximately 1445 en route to Centennial Airport, Englewood, Colorado. Their planned route of flight was from Longmont, CO, to Boulder, CO; to Golden, CO; to Chatfield Reservoir; to Centennial Airport. He said that N194JP was not part of the formation, but was following them. After the collision, the two airplanes landed at Boulder Airport.


According to FAA records, the pilot of N194JP was issued his Private Pilot certificate on September 2, 1988, and a Repairman Certificate on January 4, 1995. The first entry in his logbook was dated March 6, 1988, and the last entry was dated June 22, 1996. During this time, the pilot had logged 317.7 total flight hours, 88.2 hours of which were in the RV-6. A personal friend of the pilot's said that he had also accrued 83 hours in hang gliders and approximately 200 to 300 hours in ultralights. His passenger was issued a Student Pilot certificate on May 10, 1995. He did not report any flight time logged when he applied for the 3rd class medical and his logbook was never located. For more information on certification data and aeronautical experience of the two pilots, see "Flight Time Matrix" in FTW 96-F-A279A. For certification data and aeronautical experience for the pilot of N103LM, see FTW 96-F-A279B, "Flight Time Matrix."


According to the data plate affixed to the airplane, the pilot completed work on N194JP in November 1994. The airplane had an empty weight of 994 pounds and a gross weight 1,600 pounds. The airplane had flown 17 hours since its last annual conditional inspection conducted on January 1, 1996. At the time of the accident, the airplane had accrued 90 flight hours.


The inverted airplane was examined on the east shore of Hayden Lake after having been pulled ashore. Notwithstanding the following, the airplane was intact and control continuity was established throughout. There was compression type wrinkles on the top and bottom of both wings. The left wing tank was full of fuel. The partially filled right tank had separated from the wing, was found floating in the lake, and was retrieved. The right flap was separated from the wing, and the left aileron was detached at the outboard hinge. Measurements made indicate the flaps were deployed 20 degrees. The tail wheel was compressed into the bottom of the fuselage.

The bottom portion of the fiberglass cowling had been ripped away, exposing the engine. One blade of the two-blade wooden propeller was missing, as was a portion of the spinner. Cockpit examination revealed the magneto switches were off but the master switch was still on and a whirling noise could be heard. Fire department personnel disconnected the battery and the noise stopped. The throttle was full forward, the propeller control was in a midrange position, and the mixture control was full rich. Witnesses made no mention of strobe lights or landings lights iulluminated.

N103LM was examined in the tie down area of The Cloud Base, a glider flight school, rental agency, and operator of N103LM. Approximately 18 inches of the right wing, just outboard of the aileron, had been sheared off. A black rubber smear was noted on the top of the right wing about 8 feet inboard from the wing tip. The glider is not equipped with an electrical system and had no position, strobe, or landings lights.


Autopsies (96A-66 and 96A-67) on the pilot and student pilot-rated passenger in N194JP were performed by Dr. William W. Howland of the Boulder County Coroner's Office. The pilot's death was attributed to multiple internal injuries. The student pilot-rated passenger's death was attributed to drowning. A toxicological screen was performed by FAA's Civil Aeromedical Institute in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. No carboxyhemoglobin, cyanide, ethanol, or drugs were detected.

The pilot of N103LM voluntarily submitted to toxicological testing. Conducted by ChemaTox Laboratory, Inc., of Boulder, Colorado, no drugs or alcohol were detected.


The wreckage of N194JP was released to the owner's representative on June 29, 1996. N103LM was released to the owner on June 29, 1996.

See narrative for FTW 96-F-A279A.

(c) 2009-2018 Lee C. Baker / Crosswind Software, LLC. For informational purposes only.