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N902AF accident description

Hawaii map... Hawaii list
Crash location 19.738611°N, 156.045555°W
Reported location is a long distance from the NTSB's reported nearest city. This often means that the location has a typo, or is incorrect.
Nearest city Kamuela, HI
20.001800°N, 155.749700°W
26.5 miles away
Tail number N902AF
Accident date 27 Dec 2008
Aircraft type Md Helicopter Md 900
Additional details: None

NTSB Factual Report

On December 27, 2008, at 1550 Hawaiian standard time, a McDonnell Douglas MD 900 helicopter, N902AF, sustained minor damage during an in-flight separation of the lower right endplate (vertical stabilizer) while landing near Kamuela, Hawaii. The helicopter is registered to, and operated by Vulcan Aircraft, Inc. The local flight was operated under the provisions of Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 91. The two pilots, the only occupants aboard the helicopter, were not injured. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and company visual flight rules (VFR) flight-following procedures were in effect. The flight originated offshore at 1512 with a planned destination of Kamuela.

The pilots reported that a witness informed them that the helicopter had "lost a panel" during the approach. A postflight inspection revealed that the lower right endplate had separated from its mounting support bracket and was located approximately 70 feet from where the helicopter landed. The pilot seated in the left front seat, who was flying at the time of the incident, reported that he noted a slight momentary yaw approximately 15 minutes prior to landing.

A representative from the operator reported that the endplate was later recovered; however, the two associated attachment bolts were not.

Maintenance records showed that the endplate was removed on May 20, 2008, approximately 42 flight hours prior to the incident, to facilitate maintenance actions on the horizontal stabilizer. Following the maintenance action and inspection, the endplate was reinstalled using the original self-locking bolts (NAS6305LU12).

The helicopter maintenance manual instructions for endplate installation (section 53-55-00) listed the following actions, in part, with respect to endplate installation:

1. Prepare endplate attach hole for electrical bond.

2. Position endplate on spar tube and align bolt holes.

3. Secure endplate to spar tube and torque bolts to 7-17 inch-pounds.

4. Test washer for electrical bond.

5. Environmentally seal washer to endplate with sealant.

On April 11, 2009, following this incident, MD Helicopters issued Service Bulletin (Mandatory) SB900-111, titled Horizontal Endplate (Vertical Stabilizer) Installation. The service bulletin instructs operators, in part, to do the following:

1. Remove endplate attach bolts.

2. Clean threads of endplate attachment bolts.

3. Make certain thread lock device on bolts is serviceable.

4. Apply sealant primer to bolt threads.

5. Apply sealing and locking compound to bolt threads.

6. Install endplate attach bolts.

7. Make a record in the rotorcraft log book that indicating the service bulletin has been completed.

8. Complete Bulletin Completed Record form and forward to MD Helicopters.

NTSB Probable Cause

The separation of the endplate bolts for undetermined reasons, resulting in an in-flight separation of the right endplate. Contributing to the accident was the manufacturer's failure to provide sufficient guidance for endplate bolt installation.

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