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N4824L accident description

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Crash location 39.701389°N, 94.400833°W
Nearest city Osborn, MO
39.747222°N, 94.355227°W
4.0 miles away
Tail number N4824L
Accident date 14 Feb 2012
Aircraft type Piper PA-28-180
Additional details: None

NTSB Factual Report


On February 14, 2012, about 1630 central standard time, a Piper PA-28-180, N4824L, impacted trees and terrain while maneuvering near Osborn, Missouri. The pilot and passenger were fatally injured. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage and both wings. The aircraft was registered to and operated by the pilot under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a personal flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the flight, which was not on a flight plan. The flight originated from the East Kansas City Airport (3GV), Grain Valley, Missouri, at an undetermined time.

A witness that lived in the house on the property where the accident took place reported that her husband called and told her that a friend would be flying by in an airplane. She said that she heard a small plane operating near the house and went outside. The witness reported that the airplane approached from the southeast, banked around the house and passed in front of the house just east of the trees that were in front of the house. She said that the airplane then circled behind the house and made a second pass. As the airplane was making the second pass, the witness heard the airplane hit two trees and then saw the airplane strike the ground and cartwheel into a small field north of the house.

The witness had used the video recording capabilities of her cellular telephone to record the airplane in flight and provided a copy of the recording for use in the investigation. The recorded video showed the accident airplane making a low-level flight past the front of the house; however, the video did not capture the accident sequence. In the video, the airplane appeared to be just above treetop level traveling from the south to the north. After passing the house, the airplane began a right turn at which point the recording ended.


The 68 year old pilot held a commercial pilot certificate with airplane single-engine land, airplane multiengine land, airplane single-engine seaplane, glider, and instrument airplane ratings issued on September 25, 2008. He was issued a third-class airman medical certificate, with a restriction for glasses for near vision, on December 27, 2010. A review of the pilot’s flight logbooks indicated that he had accumulated 5,798 hours total flight experience. His most recent flight review as required by 14 CFR Part 61.56 was accomplished on January 4, 2011.


The accident airplane was a Piper model PA-28-180, serial number 28-4166. It was a four-place, low wing, single engine airplane, with a tricycle landing gear configuration. The airplane was powered by a 180-horsepower Lycoming O-360 four-cylinder, reciprocating engine.

The airplane’s most recent annual inspection was completed on July 8, 2011. The total airframe time was not recorded in the logbook entry for that date. The previous annual inspection was completed on June 12, 2010, and the total airframe time as of that date was 1,876.27 hours.


Weather conditions recorded by the Rosecrans Memorial Airport, St. Joseph, Missouri, Automated Surface Observing System (ASOS), located about 25 miles west of the accident site, at 1653, were; wind from 180 degrees at 6 knots, visibility 10 miles, broken clouds at 11,000 feet above ground level, temperature 7 degrees Celsius, dew point 1 degree Celsius, and altimeter 29.86 inches of mercury.


The airplane impacted trees and an open agricultural field adjacent to a house in a rural area. A broken tree limb was observed and was estimated to be about 25 feet above the ground. The main wreckage of the airplane came to rest about 350 feet north of the last tree impacted.

The airplane’s right wing was separated from the fuselage at the root and came to rest between the last tree impacted and the main wreckage. The flap and aileron remained attached to the wing and the outboard 5 feet of the wing was crushed rearward. There was a semi-circular indentation about one foot inboard from the wing tip that was consistent with a tree impact. The indentation had crushed the leading edge rearward to a depth of about one-half of the wing's chord.

The remainder of the airplane came to rest with the fuselage inverted. The left wing was partially separated from the fuselage and was lying parallel to the bottom of the fuselage. The tail surfaces remained attached to the aft fuselage and appeared undamaged. The cabin section of the fuselage had been partially consumed by a post-impact fire. The engine and propeller remained attached to the airframe.

Examination of the control system confirmed continuity from the cockpit area to the tail surfaces. Continuity of the aileron control system revealed breaks in the control cables; however, all of the cable breaks exhibited signatures consistent with overstress.

Examination of the airplane’s wreckage revealed no evidence of mechanical malfunctions or failures that would have precluded normal operation.


An autopsy of the pilot was performed at the First Call Morgue, Kansas City, Kansas, on February 16, 2012. The pilot's death was attributed to injuries received in the accident.

Toxicology testing was performed by the FAA Civil Aerospace Medical Institute. Testing results found 2.31 ug/ml cyanide detected in the pilot’s blood. This finding was consistent with post mortem diffusion resulting from the post-impact fire. All other tests were negative for substances in the screening profile.

NTSB Probable Cause

The pilot’s decision to conduct low-level passes above a residence and his failure to maintain sufficient altitude.

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