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N9954F accident description

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Crash location Unknown
Nearest city Bixby, OK
35.942043°N, 95.883324°W

Tail number N9954F
Accident date 24 May 1998
Aircraft type Bell 47G
Additional details: None

NTSB description


On May 24, 1998, about 1815 central daylight time, a Bell 47G helicopter, N9954F, owned and operated by the pilot, was substantially damaged when it impacted power transmission wires and terrain during cruise flight near Bixby, Oklahoma. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and a flight plan was not filed for the 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 91 local personal flight. The private pilot was fatally injured, and the sole passenger was seriously injured. The flight originated from a private residence in Haskell, Oklahoma.

During a interviews conducted by the investigator-in-charge, witnesses reported observing the helicopter flying "slow," at an altitude below 100 feet agl, from east to west along the Arkansas River. The helicopter "struck power lines" that spanned the river, descended vertically, and impacted a sandbar. The witnesses further reported that the engine "sounded okay and it continued to run" until ground contact.

The passenger reported that the flight departed Haskell between 1730 and 1800. They flew to the Arkansas River and started following it towards Tulsa. A few miles north of Haskell, they flew east from the river over a private airstrip and two small lakes adjacent to the airstrip. They then returned to the river and continued towards Tulsa. The passenger further reported that "when they saw the powerline tower supporting the cables that cross the river at the bridge on Memorial Boulevard, they talked and decided they would turn around and go back to Haskell." The passenger stated he didn't see the other power line, which crosses the river prior to the bridge, or remember striking the wires.


According to FAA records, the 56-year-old private pilot was issued a second class medical certificate on August 26, 1997, with a limitation for glasses. A review of the pilot's flight logbook revealed that on February 19, 1996, he passed the practical test for the addition of a rotorcraft rating to his private pilot cerificate.


The helicopter was originally delivered to the US Army on March 6, 1954, as a Bell OH-13G, serial number 52-7952. Versatile Helicopter, Inc., converted the helicopter to a Bell 47G in 1978. According to FAA records, N9954F was issued a Standard Airworthiness Certificate in the normal category on March 10, 1978, as a Bell 47G, serial number 1192.

A review of the airframe and engine records did not reveal evidence of any anomalies or uncorrected maintenance defects. The aircraft's last annual inspection was completed on May 5, 1998, at an aircraft total time of 4,034.6 hours.


The accident site was located in the Arkansas River at latitude 35 degrees 57 minutes 2 seconds north and longitude 095 degrees 53.0 minutes west. The aircraft was found on a sandbar, 63 feet northwest of the power line, which crosses the river at an estimated altitude of 60 to 75 feet agl. The three lower wires of the unmarked power line were observed to be frayed.

The helicopter came to rest on its left side, on a magnetic heading of 340 degrees. Examination of the helicopter revealed that both wooden main rotor blades were fractured at the root end, and sections of both blades were separated and found within 324 feet of the main wreckage. Linear scratching and dull gray metal transfers were found on sections of the white blade's leading edge and underside. The forward portion of the center vertical console also exhibited linear scratching.

The aircraft's bubble canopy was shattered, and the engine basket and center fuselage tube structure was deformed upward. All four skid attachment tubes were displaced to the right, and the right skid was found separated. The tail boom was displaced down and to the right, and the tail rotor gearbox remained attached. One tail rotor blade was displaced aft, and the other blade had no apparent damage. Continuity was established to all flight controls.


According to Medical Examiner R.L. Hemphil, M.D., Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, Tulsa, Oklahoma, an autopsy was not performed.

Toxicology findings were positive for 57.4 (ug/ml, /ug/g) Salicylate (aspirin) detected in urine.


The helicopter wreckage was released to the owner's wife on May 25, 1998.

(c) 2009-2018 Lee C. Baker / Crosswind Software, LLC. For informational purposes only.