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N2392W accident description

Oregon map... Oregon list
Crash location 42.700000°N, 122.000000°W
Nearest city Fort Klamath, OR
42.704578°N, 121.995854°W
0.4 miles away
Tail number N2392W
Accident date 08 Feb 2003
Aircraft type Beech A23
Additional details: None
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NTSB Factual Report

HISTORY OF FLIGHT

On February 8, 2003, approximately 1015 Pacific standard time, a Beech A23, N2392W, registered to Cascade Wings LLC, operated by the private pilot as a 14 CFR Part 91 personal flight, experienced a loss of engine power during descent. The pilot initiated an off airport landing to an open field near Fort Klamath, Oregon. During the landing roll the airplane collided with a ditch. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time and no flight plan was filed. The airplane was substantially damaged and the private pilot and his three passengers were not injured. The flight originated from Redmond, Oregon, about one hour and 15 minutes prior to the accident.

During a telephone interview and subsequent written statement, the pilot reported that the airplane was descending for landing to Chiloquin State Airport, Chiloquin, Oregon, when the engine started to "knock" and "shutter." About 15 seconds later a "significant noise" was heard and oil and smoke began to come out of the engine cowling. The pilot stated that the engine ran "badly" for another 15-30 seconds and then was shut down when the pilot felt that a forced landing in a large open field could be attained. The pilot reported that several ditches crossed the field. During the landing roll, the aircraft traveled over one of the ditches which sheared off the nose gear. The airplane came to a stop nose down.

PERSONNEL INFORMATION

At the time of the accident, the pilot held a private pilot certificate for single-engine aircraft. A total flight time in all aircraft was reported as 321 hours, with 274 hours as pilot-in-command. A total of 131 hours had been accumulated in the make and model aircraft involved in the accident.

AIRCRAFT INFORMATION

The aircraft was equipped with a Lycoming IO-360-A2B, serial number L-2119-51A engine. Maintenance records indicated that the engine had been overhauled in May 1980, due to metal in the oil. The entry also indicated that the front main bearing was severely scored.

In January 1999, approximately 941 hours since the engine was overhauled, an Aviation Development spin on oil filter, STC SA00402SE, SE5743NM was installed along with a heating pad type engine pre-heater on the oil sump.

In May 2000, approximately 1,049 hours since overhaul, the engine was top overhauled. The entry indicated that the mechanic supervised the owner's removal and reinstallation of all four cylinders following repair by Avion Aeronautics.

In May 2001, the oil pump was replaced with part number 05K194235.

The last oil change, before the accident, was on August 17, 2002, and the last annual inspection was completed on January 21, 2003, approximately 1,266 hours since overhaul and 217 hours since the top overhaul. The loss of engine power occurred approximately two hours since the last annual inspection.

The mechanic who had supervised the top overhaul, and accomplished most of the maintenance on the aircraft since the top overhaul reported that at the time of the top overhaul, the engine had been consuming more oil than normal and that the oil was leaking from the case halves. Sealant material was applied at the mating halves. The mechanic reported that after the top overhaul, the consumption of oil decreased to about one quart usage every 4-6 hours. The mechanic also accomplished most of the oil changes and reported that the filter was checked each time. No metal was noted in the filter.

On the day of the accident, the aircraft had been pulled over to the maintenance facility to plug in the oil sump heater and to remove frost from the wings. After the aircraft left, maintenance personnel noticed an oil puddle where the aircraft had been parked. The oil trailed out to where the airplane had stopped on the ramp, then trailed again to the run up area and runway.

ADDITIONAL DATA/INFORMATION

On February 19, 2003, investigators from the National Transportation Safety Board and Lycoming Engines inspected the engine at Specialty Aircraft, Redmond, Oregon.

Initial inspection noted that the engine remained attached to the airframe. Except for the removal of the propeller during recovery, all systems remained intact. The cowling was removed. During the removal, oil was noted on the inside of the cowling. Oil was also noted to the underside of the fuselage that traveled from the engine to the tail. After the engine was exposed, a large hole in the left side upper crankcase was noted which exposed the number 2 connecting rod. Also noted was a hole in the lower left crankcase between number 2 and 4 cylinders.

The oil lines to and from the oil filter were inspected and found intact with the connections tight. The oil lines to and from the oil cooler were intact and the connections were tight. The oil cooler displayed signs of impact damage. One connection was bent aft and the cooler was cracked. The oil sump was intact. The quick drain was found in the closed position. Evidence of oil residue was noted to the underside of the engine and cowling.

The engine was removed from the airframe and disassembled. The accessory section, all four cylinders and the oil sump were removed to separate the crankcase. Cylinders 1, 3, and 4 were intact as well as the associated pistons and connecting rods. Impact damage was noted to cylinder and connecting rod number 1. All piston rings were intact.

Cylinder number 2 was removed. The connecting rod remained attached to the piston. The rod end cap separated from the rod arm. Neither the rod end cap, nor rod end cap nuts and bolts were present. Evidence of fragmented rod end material and bearing material were found in the oil sump. The connecting rod end displayed severe heat distress and was compressed. The bearing was missing. The number 2 crankshaft connecting-rod bearing journal displayed severe heat distress. The oil lubrication passages were inspected and found clear of blockages.

The remaining rod bearings and journals for 1, 3, and 4 did not display evidence of heat distress. The forward main bearing displayed minor scoring.

The oil sump was intact with approximately one quart of oil remaining. Within the sump, fragmented pieces of connecting rod material and bearing material were found. The oil screen was clear of contaminants.

The airframe and engine were released to personnel at Specialty Aircraft, Redmond, Oregon, on February 19, 2003.

NTSB Probable Cause

The separation of the rod end cap from the connecting rod for an undetermined reason during the descent for landing. The ditch was a factor.

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