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N6337P accident description

Oregon map... Oregon list
Crash location Unknown
Nearest city Saint Helens, OR
45.864003°N, 122.806492°W
Tail number N6337P
Accident date 08 Mar 2001
Aircraft type Piper PA-24
Additional details: None

NTSB Factual Report

On March 8, 2001, approximately 1230 Pacific standard time, a Piper PA-24, N6337P, collided with a fence while sliding across a field during an intentional gear-up landing after the aircraft experienced a total loss of engine power while in cruise flight near Saint Helens, Oregon. The private pilot and his passenger where not injured, but the aircraft, which was owned and operated by Walker's Crushing and Grading, sustained substantial damage. The 14 CFR Part 91 personal flight, which departed Portland-Hillsboro Airport about 20 minutes prior to the accident, was en route to Paine Field, Everett, Washington. The aircraft descended through instrument meteorological conditions after loosing power, but the pilot executed the forced landing in visual meteorological conditions. The pilot had filed and activated an IFR flight plan. There was no report of an ELT activation.

According to the pilot, because he was flying in conditions that were conducive to the accumulation of carburetor ice, he applied carburetor heat a couple of times while he was climbing through the clouds to his assigned IFR altitude. Soon after he leveled off at 8,000 feet (above the clouds), he applied the carburetor heat again and noted no significant change in engine rpm. About five minutes later, while in cruise flight, he noticed that the aircraft's exhaust gas temperature (EGT) had decreased about 20 degrees. Not being able to determined why the exhaust temperature had dropped, he leaned the fuel mixture, but this action did not seem to result in the desired increase in EGT. Since leaning did not seem to effect the exhaust temperature, the pilot pulled the carburetor heat on momentarily. As he applied the carburetor heat, he checked for an RPM drop, which did not occur. He did not check to see if there was any effect on the manifold pressure, or if the pressure had dropped from what it was at in the preceding few minutes. About one minute after this last brief application of carburetor heat, the engine suddenly quit. The pilot then descended through the overcast and executed a forced landing in an open field located in densely forested terrain. Because the field looked soft and wet, the pilot elected to keep the gear retracted. Although the touchdown was uneventful, as the aircraft was sliding to a stop, it encountered a barbed wire fence.

After the accident, the engine's air induction, fuel delivery, and ignition systems where inspected, and no indication was found of any anomaly or malfunction the would have contributed to a power loss. After the inspection, the engine was started and successfully run on the fuel that remained in the fuel gasculator bowl.

In a post-accident phone interview, the pilot said that he had not been aware that on an aircraft equipped with a constant-speed propeller, such as the one he was flying, a buildup of ice in the carburetor throat would be indicated by a decrease in manifold pressure. He had thought that carburetor icing would cause a decrease in engine rpm (as it does with a fixed-pitch propeller), and therefore had been concentrating on that instead of checking for a drop in manifold pressure. He said that he also had been unaware that as ice built up in the carburetor throat, resulting in a gradual reduction in power, that the propeller governor would maintain a constant engine rpm as long as it was able to continue flattening (reducing) the pitch of the propeller. He also stated that he was unaware that a drop in EGT is also an indication of possible icing of the carburetor throat.

NTSB Probable Cause

the pilot's improper use of the carburetor heat while attempting to determine if there was ice accumulating in the carburetor throat. Factors include flight in conditions conducive to carburetor icing, and a fence running across the field in which the forced landing took place.

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