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N711LN accident description

Oregon map... Oregon list
Crash location 44.238055°N, 117.602222°W
Reported location is a long distance from the NTSB's reported nearest city. This often means that the location has a typo, or is incorrect.
Nearest city Baker City, OR
44.774875°N, 117.834385°W
38.8 miles away
Tail number N711LN
Accident date 05 Jun 2004
Aircraft type Gann Glasair II-S RG
Additional details: None

NTSB Factual Report

On Saturday, June 5, 2004, approximately 1740 Pacific daylight time, an experimental Gann Glasair II-S RG, N711LN, impacted the terrain about 40 miles southeast of Baker City, Oregon. The private pilot, who was the sole occupant, received fatal injuries, and the aircraft, which was owned and operated by the pilot, was destroyed. The 14 CFR Part 91 personal pleasure flight, which departed Portland International Airport, Portland, Oregon, at 1600, had reportedly entered an area conducive to airframe icing prior to the accident. The pilot had filed and activated an IFR flight plan for the flight to Vance Brand Airport, Longmont, Colorado. There was no report of an ELT activation.

A review of the recorded radio transmissions between the Salt Lake City Air Traffic Control Center and the pilot of N711LN revealed that about one hour and thirty minutes after takeoff, while cruising at 14,000 feet, the pilot requested a climb to 17,000 feet. Upon being cleared to that altitude, the pilot advised Center that he was experiencing light to moderate icing. About five minutes after being cleared to 17,000 feet, the pilot began a transmission with an expletive, and then stated "Mayday, 711LN in a bad spin." About 15 seconds later there was another transmission from the pilot, but his words were not intelligible, except for the aircraft call sign. Immediately after that transmission, the controller asked the pilot if he was calling Center, and the pilot transmitted, "Yeah, Mayday, we're in a bad spin to the left." After about 10 more seconds, the controller again asked if N711LN was calling Center, and the pilot responded with, "Yeah, think we're going to crash, in a real bad left spin here." About 10 seconds later, the controller transmitted, "N1LN," and the pilot responded with "Yeah, 71LN." At that point the controller transmitted that N711LN was "broken and unreadable," and then gave the pilot the current altimeter for Baker, Oregon. Although the controller attempted further contact with the aircraft, there was no further response, and radar contact was lost at 1737. The wreckage was located about five hours later at geographic coordinates 44 degrees, 14.28 minutes North, 117 degrees, 36.14 minutes West.

A post accident review of recorded radar data showed that N711LN's first significant departure from the cruise altitude of 17,000 feet occurred at 17:39:20. At 17:39;25 the aircraft was passing through 16,300 feet, and 20 seconds later (17:39:45) was descending through 14,100 feet. The aircraft descended below 10,000 feet approximately 20 seconds after passing 14,100 feet, and was down to 5,200 feet by 17:40:42. One minute and 30 seconds after departing cruise flight at 17,000 feet, the aircraft was lost from radar at an undetermined altitude.

According to Federal Aviation Administration records, the pilot called the McMinnville Automated Flight Service Station twice on the day of this flight. During the first call, which began at 1341, the pilot received a full weather briefing related to the current and expected conditions along his route of flight. As part of that briefing, he was advised that the air mass that he would be flying through during the first part of his flight was moving in from the west, and was moist and slightly unstable. He was also advised that there were a number of Airmen's Meteorological Information Notices (AIRMETS) in effect across Oregon that were associated with this air mass. The briefer also advised the pilot that once he got east of Baker City that it was expected to be clear at an altitude below 12,000 feet, and that thunderstorms where developing in parts of southern Idaho. At the conclusion of that briefing, the pilot filed his IFR flight plan, with an ultimate cruising altitude of 14,000 feet. At 1531, the pilot called the flight service station again in order to make a change in his time of departure. During that interaction with the briefer, he was advised that there was mountain obscurement and turbulence along most of his route.

A toxicological examination performed by the FAA's Bioaeronautical Science Research Laboratory determined that there was no carbon monoxide in the pilot's blood, and that there was no ethanol in the pilot's brain or muscle. It was also determined that there were no disqualifying drugs in the pilot's liver.

NTSB Probable Cause

The pilot's inadequate in-flight planning/decision and his failure to maintain an airspeed above stall speed (Vs) after encountering airframe icing during cruise flight. Factors include the pilot's intentional continuation of his flight along the planned route after encountering icing conditions.

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