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N85LH accident description

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Crash location Unknown
Nearest city Imperial, TX
31.272921°N, 102.692650°W

Tail number N85LH
Accident date 04 Oct 2000
Aircraft type Holt Thorpe T-18C
Additional details: None

NTSB description

On October 4, 2000, at 1400 central daylight time, a Holt Thorpe T-18C amateur-built experimental airplane, N85LH, was destroyed when it impacted terrain following an in-flight separation of a propeller blade near Imperial, Texas. The private pilot, who was the registered owner of the airplane, and his passenger, sustained fatal injuries. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed and a flight plan was not filed for the 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 personal flight. The local flight originated from the Roy Hurd Memorial Airport, Monahans, Texas, approximately 1345.

According to witnesses, the airplane was in cruise flight southwest bound, between 1,500 and 2,500 feet agl, when they heard a loud noise and observed pieces of the airplane separate from the airframe. Subsequently, the airplane entered a descent and impacted the ground. A fire erupted and consumed the airplane.

The FAA inspector, who examined the airplane, reported that the airplane was equipped with a Lycoming IO-360-B1E engine and a Hartzell HC-F2YR-1F, 2-bladed, constant speed propeller. Sections of the engine cowling were located approximately 1 mile northeast of the accident site. Further examination revealed that one of the two propeller blades (part number F8468A-6R) had fractured and a portion was missing. The missing portion of the blade was not recovered. The propeller was disassembled and the fractured blade was sent to the NTSB Materials Laboratory in Washington, D.C for further examination.

The NTSB metallurgist reported that the blade fractured 14.5 inches from the butt end. The fracture surface appeared "relatively flat and parallel to the chordwise plane with a smooth, curving boundary," typical of fatigue. The fatigue features emanated from an intergranular fracture area that was covered by a corrosion product. The metallurgist added that the blade length was not consistent with the original manufacturing specifications. On-scene measurements revealed that the total length of the blade was 32 inches, corresponding to a propeller diameter of 66 inches. When manufactured, the propeller diameter was 80 inches.

According to the propeller manufacturer, the recommended time between overhaul on the accident propeller is 2,000 hours or 5 years, whichever comes first. According to the airplane's maintenance logbooks, the propeller underwent its last overhaul on April 10, 1991, and had accumulated a total of 369 hours at that time. On October 1, 2000, the airplane underwent its most recent condition inspection and the propeller had accumulated a total of 743 hours. There was no record of the propeller undergoing an overhaul since 1991. Additionally, the HC-F2YR-1F propeller, was not approved by the manufacturer for installation on the Lycoming IO-360-B1E engine.

An autopsy was performed on the pilot by the Bexar County Medical Examiner's Office, of San Antonio, Texas. Toxicological testing was performed by the FAA's Civil Aeromedical Institute of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.

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