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N4947X accident description

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Tail numberN4947X
Accident dateJuly 10, 2001
Aircraft typeRockwell S-2R-1200
LocationCottonwood, ID
Additional details: None

NTSB description


On July 10, 2001, about 1114 Pacific daylight time, a Rockwell International S-2R-1200 (Thrush), N4947X, was destroyed by impact forces and a post-crash fire after colliding with terrain approximately 20 miles southwest of Cottonwood, Idaho. The airplane was owned by Craigmont Air Services, Incorporated, and was being operated as a fire suppression/aerial applicator flight under the provisions of Title 14, CFR Part 137, when the accident occurred. The commercial pilot, the sole occupant of the aircraft, was fatally injured. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed and flight following procedures were in effect. The flight originated from Craigmont, Idaho, approximately 35 minutes prior to the accident.

The airplane, loaded with approximately 450 gallons of fire retardant, departed Craigmont, Idaho, at 1040. Approximately 35 minutes after departure, the airplane arrived at the site of the fire, and was directed to dump retardant on the fire's east flank. The pilot reported to fire crews on the ground that he was going to fly down the east flank of the fire, through the smoke, and drop the retardant. A witness on the ground stated the airplane approached from the southwest, near the top of the canyon. He reported that initially he didn't see the airplane, but could only hear it flying down the east flank of the fire. Shortly thereafter, he reported seeing "…a big ball of fire several hundred feet below me, and thought he [the pilot] must have hit something."

A second witness, a helicopter pilot who was flying in an area approximately 1.5 miles east of the accident site, reported seeing the accident airplane approach the fire from the south. He stated that as the airplane approached the fire the pilot reported that "…it was [too smoky] and he was going around to try again." Shortly thereafter, ground crews reported that the airplane had crashed.


The pilot held a commercial pilot certificate with an airplane single-engine land rating. An entry in the pilot's logbook indicated that he had completed a flight review (FAR 61.56) on June 30, 2001. On an insurance application dated August 18, 2000, the pilot indicated that he had accumulated approximately 12,927 total flight hours, including approximately 1,025 hours in the 12 months preceding the application. Company personnel reported that this was the second season that the pilot had worked for the operator.

FAA records indicated that the pilot was issued a second-class medical certificate on October 12, 2000. The medical certificate carried a waiver (#30059325) for monocular vision.


The airplane, a restricted category Rockwell International S-2R-1200 (Thrush), serial number 5008R, was powered by a Wright C7BA series engine rated at 1,200 horsepower. Maintenance records indicated that the airplane's last inspection, an annual inspection, was completed on July 21, 2000. The airplane had accumulated approximately 270 hours from the time of the last inspection to the time of the accident. The airframe's total time was approximately 8,997 hours.


On July 11, 2001, representatives from the US Forest Service and the Federal Aviation Administration conducted the on-site examination of the wreckage and reported that the wreckage was located near the bottom of the canyon along the banks of the Salmon River, at 45 degrees 59 minutes north latitude, and 116 degrees 41 minutes west longitude. The terrain angle of the canyon walls is approximately 50-60 degrees. The wreckage distribution path traveled downhill and was approximately 500 yards in length, with a magnetic heading of approximately 315 degrees. The aircraft and associated components sustained extensive thermal and impact damage.

The engine, propeller and landing gear assembly were located in the river at the northwest end of the wreckage distribution track. The remains of the cockpit, instrument panel, empennage and part of the hopper were located approximately 100 yards southeast of the river. The inboard section of the right wing, the still-attached wing spar and left wing were located approximately 250 yards southeast (up slope) of the cockpit remains. The outboard section of the right wing, measuring approximately four feet in length, was located at the southeast end of the wreckage track, approximately 400 yards from the cockpit.


An autopsy on the pilot was conducted by the Idaho County Coroner's Office, Grangeville, Idaho, on July 13, 2001. According to the autopsy report, the pilot's cause of death was attributed to blunt force trauma secondary to an aircraft accident.

The FAA Civil Aeromedical Institute (CAMI), Okalahoma City, Okalahoma, conducted toxicology testing on the pilot. According to the postmortem toxicology report, results were negative for carbon monoxide, cyanide, ethanol and illegal drugs. The report also indicated that Salicylate was detected in the pilot's blood. See attached report for specific values.


Sections of the airplane's wing spar were submitted to the NTSB Materials Laboratory for evaluation. Personnel from laboratory reported, " All the fractures are overstress with substantial deformation that is not in the vertical plane, indicating that fracture [s] were not caused by aerodynamic loads."


On April 11, 2001, the airframe, engine and associated components were released to AIG Aviation, Inc, Northglenn, Colorado.

(c) 2009-2011 Lee C. Baker. For informational purposes only.